WATER or Cola?


1. 75% of us are chronically dehydrated.

2. The thirst mechanism is so weak that it is often mistaken for hunger.

3. Even MILD dehydration will slow down one’s metabolism as much as 3%.

4. A recent study found that one glass of water will shut down midnight hunger pangs for almost 100% of people

5. Lack of water, is the no.1 trigger of daytime fatigue.

6. Preliminary research indicates that 8-10 glasses of water a day could significantly ease back and joint pain for sufferers.

7. A mere 2% drop in body water can trigger fuzzy short-term memory, trouble with basic maths, and difficulty focusing at work

8. Drinking 5 glasses of water significantly reduces the risk of colon cancer, breast cancer, and bladder cancer.

And now for the properties of Cola:

1. To clean a toilet: Pour a can of Cola into the toilet bowl and let the “real thing” sit for one hour, then flush clean.
The citric acid in Cola removes stains from vitreous china. Source – according to www.howtocleananything.com, the household hint guru Mary Ellen says some coke in the toilet for an hour can do the trick.

2. To remove rust spots from chrome car bumpers: Rub the bumper with a rumpled-up piece of aluminium foil dipped in Cola.

3. To clean corrosion from car battery terminals: Pour a can of Cola over the terminals to bubble away the corrosion.

4. To loosen a rusted bolt: Applying a cloth soaked in Cola to the rusted bolt for several minutes.

5. To remove grease from clothes: Empty a can of Cola into a load of greasy clothes, add detergent, and run through a regular cycle. The Cola will help loosen grease stains. The grease is gone (but your clothes are brown!)

6. One of the ingredients in the most popular brand of cola is phosphoric acid. Its pH is between 2.4 and 4.2 (depending on the variation). Phosphoric acid leaches calcium from bones and may be a contributor to osteoporosis.

7. To carry Cola syrup (the concentrate) the commercial truck must use the “Hazardous material” place cards reserved for Highly corrosive materials.

Watch for yourself what it does to a tooth!

Now the question is, would you like a cola or a glass of water?

How Do I Care for My Toddler’s Teeth?

Teaching your child good oral habits will be one of the most important health lessons you can teach them. This means helping them brush twice daily, limit sweets and snacks and seeing your dentist regularly.

Most dentists recommend that children start their dental visits by the age of two. In addition to giving your dentist a chance to monitor your child’s dental growth and development, this is your chance to learn about tooth development, the need for fluoride, how to help your child maintain proper oral hygiene, how to deal with your child’s oral habits (such as pacifier use), diet and nutrition, and how to prevent oral injuries.

Teach your child that a dental visit is a positive experience. Explain to your child that visiting the dentist helps maintain good oral health. By maintaining a positive attitude, you’ll increase the chances that your child will see a dentist regularly throughout life.

What Action Should I Take When My Toddler’s Teeth Begin to Erupt?
Teeth start to erupt at about six months onwards, until roughly aged three. This causes many children to have tender gums, which can make them irritable. It helps to rub the gums with your finger, a small cool spoon or a frozen teething ring. There are also pain relief gels and medications available for use when babies are teething. Ask your dentist or GP about these medications. If your child has a high temperature when teething, it’s best to contact your GP to rule out the possibility of some other kind of illness.

What’s the Proper Way to Brush My Toddler’s Teeth?
It’s a good idea to supervise your child’s brushing until the age of six, following the guidelines below:

  1. Use a pea-sized amount of fluoride toothpaste. Take care that your child doesn’t swallow any paste.
  2. Use a toothbrush with soft bristles, brush inside surfaces of all teeth first, where plaque accumulates most. Angle bristles toward the gum line. Brush gently back and forth.
  3. Clean all outside surfaces of teeth. Angle bristles toward the gum line. Brush gently back and forth.
  4. Place brush so bristles are on the chewing surface of the teeth. Brush gently back and forth.

Is Thumb or Finger Sucking a Problem and How Can I Treat it?

The sucking reflex is normal and healthy in babies. However, a thumb or finger sucking habit can cause problems with the growth of the mouth and jaw, and position of teeth, if it continues after permanent teeth have erupted, between four and seven years of age. Front teeth that point outwards (sometimes called buck teeth) and an open bite may result from habitual thumb or finger sucking. This can cause problems in adulthood that include premature tooth wear, increased dental decay and discomfort on biting. Sucking on pacifiers after permanent teeth have erupted may cause similar problems.

The best way to deal with thumb or finger sucking is through positive reinforcement, not negative words. Your child is only doing what feels natural to him or her. Praise your child when he is not sucking his thumb/finger. You may also want to focus on correcting the anxiety that’s causing your child to suck her thumb/finger. You can remind your child of the habit by bandaging the thumb/finger, or putting on a sock over their hand at night. Bitter-tasting medication to coat the thumb can also be prescribed by your dentist or GP.

Do you know which of these is true?

  • Eating acidic things like lemons causes cavities.
  • If you have a cavity, you’ll generally know it.
  • Once you treat a cavity, the tooth decay stops.
  • If you brush your teeth properly, you won’t get decay.

1. Sugar Is the Prime Cause of Cavities

True (sort of!). It’s actually the acid produced by the bacteria in your mouth that causes cavities. Bacteria need fuel, and the refined sugar (sucrose) found in sweets, biscuits and carbonated drinks is an excellent source of fuel for those cavity-causing bugs.

Once exposed to sugar, the bacteria become active and produce acid that then eats into your tooth. Once they do that, they now have a nice little hole to live in where your toothbrush and floss can’t reach. The bacteria continue to metabolise the sugary fuel, produce acids, and your cavity just keeps getting bigger.

2. If you brush your teeth properly, you won’t get decay

False. Good oral hygiene helps to prevent decay, but if you have a sugar-rich diet, then you still can, and probably will, get cavities in the fissures and inaccessible areas of your teeth.

Also, it’s not the amount of carbohydrates you eat that causes tooth decay, but the length of time your teeth are exposed. If you eat a lot of carbs for lunch, that’s one big exposure. But if you spend the day sipping sugary drinks, that’s continuous exposure — and much more dangerous for your teeth.

“Snack all day and get decay.’”

3. Mints freshen your breath

Depends. Most mints contain sugar which leads to tooth decay; not the best for fresh breath. If you like minty sweets or gum, make sure they’re sugar free!

4. Exposure to acidic foods like lemons causes tooth decay

True. Acidic foods such as lemons, citrus juices, or soft drinks don’t directly cause cavities, but they can cause erosion of the tooth-protecting enamel, weakening the tooth. If you lose the enamel’s protection and expose the underlying dentin, your tooth is now more prone to decay.

5. Aspirin placed next to a tooth will help a toothache

False. Swallowing aspirin is what helps reduce toothache pain. Since aspirin is acidic, placing it beside the tooth can actually burn your gum tissue, causing an ulcer. Always swallow the aspirin.

6. All fillings eventually need replacing

False. An amalgam, composite or porcelain filling needs to be replaced if it breaks down, a cavity forms around it, or if the tooth fractures. If none of those problems occur, there is no reason why you can’t keep the same filling for life.

Fillings do have an average life expectancy, but it depends on things like tooth wear and oral hygiene habits. If you brush your teeth twice daily with a fluoridated toothpaste, and floss or use an interdental cleaner once a day, you’ll have less tooth decay and your fillings should last longer

7. If you have a cavity, you’ll feel it

False. This is a very common myth; patients can sometimes be surprised to hear that they have decay in their teeth. Many people think that if it doesn’t hurt, then there’s nothing wrong. Unfortunately mild tooth decay typically doesn’t cause symptoms. The pain we associate with cavities comes when tooth decay is more advanced and causes damage to the nerve.

Also, once a cavity starts, it doesn’t repair itself. A cavity will always grow once you get to a point where you can’t clean it out any longer. Once decay gets into the dentin of the tooth — below the enamel — it just continues to grow.

Allowing tooth decay to advance can lead to much more extensive procedures, like root canals and crowns. That’s why regular dental checkups are so important.

8. Sensitivity in teeth means you have decay

False. Tooth sensitivity could just mean you have hypersensitive teeth, or gum recession has exposed some root surface. There are many things, including decay, which can lead to sensitive teeth.

9. Once a tooth is treated, the decaying stops

True. You can get decay later on in other areas of the tooth, but the particular decay that was taken out is gone.

Once you get a cavity filled, and if you maintain good brushing and flossing techniques, you typically won’t get decay in that spot again.

Sometimes a filling gets old and the margins where it meets the tooth begin to break down or pull away; because you can’t reach it to clean it out, bacteria can get in there and decay can begin again.

10. Cavities are more likely between teeth

True. Anywhere bacteria can hide and you can’t easily clean is a likely place for decay. Your toothbrush will not effectively clean between the teeth, and people who do not floss daily are much more likely to get decay between the teeth. Additionally the deep grooves on the biting surface of your back teeth are a common place for tooth decay.

11. Gaps in teeth encourage cavities

True. If you have small gaps between your teeth that are not easily cleaned, or if you have areas that food tends to get caught in, these are at a much greater risk of decay.

12. Chips and cracks in teeth lead to decay

True. If cracks and chips create a hiding place for bacteria, a spot where your toothbrush can’t reach, those areas are more prone to tooth decay.

At Portobello Dental Clinic, we’re seeing more and more cracks in teeth due to night-time grinding. Worries about the economy can make some people grind their teeth more; so stress can play an important role in dental health.

13. Clenching and grinding isn’t that big a deal

False. Clenching and grinding is one of the most destructive things you can do to your teeth. With normal chewing, teeth touch for mere milliseconds, suffering very little stress. But clenching and grinding, typically done during sleep, puts tremendous pressure on your teeth for extended periods.

14. You don’t need to worry about cavities in baby teeth

False. If cavities are left untreated in baby teeth, they can develop into serious pain and abscesses. The baby teeth also help to guide the adult teeth into their correct position, so if they are lost early, this can lead to crooked or poorly positioned permanent teeth.

14.  Poor oral health only affects the mouth


  • People with gum disease are almost twice as likely to have coronary artery disease than people without gum disease.
  • Pregnant women who have gum disease may be over three times more likely to have a baby that is premature.
  • Several studies have correlated the connection between mouth infections and strokes.
  • People who lose their back teeth and cannot chew their food properly are at higher risk of digestive problems, & poorer nutrition.
  • Loss of back teeth is also associated with high blood pressure.

The current advice is that adult toothpastes should be used for children over 2 years of age, and NO toothpaste before then. This is down to the fluoride content in the toothpastes-proprietary childrens toothpastes do not contain high enough levels of  Fluoride. From a taste perspective, this presents a challenge as most children complain of a burning sensation from the general adult toothpastes (the mint and eucalyptus flavours tend to burn their sensitive and tender gums and mucosa).

But before you panic–Tesco ( and I do not hold shares in this company unfortunately!) Strawberry Ice Cream Flavour toothpaste ticks the boxes for suitable flavour for children and recommended fluoride levels. We recommend that you brush your child’s teeth twice daily, and let them spit out the residue, but try not to let them rinse-thus leaving more fluoride for further topical effect.

Finally, ensure that while you allow your child to brush their teeth themelves, that you, as the parent/carer also brush them—to be sure , to be sure…!

Try to allow enough time to make it an interactive and fun start and end to the day–this can be tricky as all parents know—the morning rush and of course the evening tiredness (of both the parents and children), but remember the benefit of little/no dental treatment is a wonderful gift to give to your child.

This information will help you and your family have healthy teeth and gums that will last a lifetime. As a parent, you can work with your children to help them understand why good oral healthcare is important — and show them how to do it right!

Four Steps to a Healthy Smile:

1. Brush at least twice a day with fluoride toothpaste

How fluoride works-
Every day, the enamel on teeth is attacked by acids produced in dental plaque. These acids can erode through the enamel and result in decay. That’s where fluoride comes in. As it reaches your teeth, fluoride is absorbed into the enamel. It helps to repair the enamel and prevent tooth decay. It can even help stop the decay process. You can get the benefits of fluoride from a variety of sources. It works on the outside of your teeth. At home, you and your family should brush with fluoride toothpaste at least twice a day. Fluoride rinses can also provide additional protection. Your dentist can also apply fluoride to your teeth in the surgery.

2. Floss every day.

3. Limit the number of times you eat snacks each day.

Snacking and tooth decay:While fluoride is our greatest protection against tooth decay, frequent snacking can be our teeth’s biggest enemy. Every day, you and your family face snacking challenges. Here’s what you need to know:
It’s how often you snack that matters– The truth is that what your family eats isn’t as important as when and how often they snack! It all has to do with the “plaque acid attack,” Everyone has plaque bacteria in their mouths. But when these plaque bacteria meet up with the sugars and starches that are found in snacks such as sweets, biscuits, soft drinks, or crisps, the plaque reacts to create acid, and a “plaque acid attack” occurs. The fact is most snacks that you eat contain either sugars or starches that give plaque this opportunity to make acid. And each “attack” can last for up to 20 minutes after you have finished your snack. During this period, the plaque acid is attacking tooth enamel, making it weak. That’s when cavities can start!

4. Visit your dentist regularly and follow his/her advice.

The dentist is your family’s partner in keeping your Smiles Healthy. Be sure to schedule regular dental appointments for the whole family. A child’s first visit should take place before his or her third birthday.
Dental check-ups early in a child’s life allow children to have a positive dental health experience.
TIP: Take your young toddler with you to your own appointment first. That way, the dental surgery becomes a familiar place.

Your dentist may recommend:
1-Fluoride treatments:
Your dentist may treat your child’s teeth with extra fluoride in the form of a gel or varnish to make teeth stronger.
2-Dental sealants:
These are thin, protective plastic coatings applied by the dentist to the permanent back teeth (molars). They fill in the grooves on the chewing surfaces of the teeth where foods and bacteria can get stuck and cause cavities. Once applied, sealants can last for several years.

3-X-rays: Sometimes these are taken at this visit–these “pictures” are radiographs that show the dentist what’s going on inside the teeth and under the gum.

What’s The Best Way to Care for My Baby’s Teeth?

Good oral care starts from the very beginning, even before his or her first teeth emerge. Numerous factors can affect their future appearance and health. For instance, tetracycline, a common antibiotic, can cause tooth discoloration. For this reason, they should not be used by nursing mothers or by expectant mothers in the last half of pregnancy.

Since baby teeth usually emerge around six months of age, standard oral health procedures like brushing and flossing aren’t required for infants. However, infants have special oral health needs that every new parent should know about. These include guarding against baby bottle decay.

How Can I Prevent Baby Tooth Decay?

Baby Tooth decay is caused by exposure, over long periods of time, to liquids containing sugars. These include milk, formula, and fruit juices. The sugary liquids pool around the teeth for long periods of time as your baby sleeps, leading to cavities that first develop in the upper and lower front teeth. For this reason, you should always make sure your baby doesn’t have a bottle in his / her mouth when falling asleep. Instead, at bedtime, give your child a bottle filled with water or a pacifier recommended by your dentist. If you breast-feed, avoid letting the baby nurse continuously. And after each feeding, wipe your baby’s teeth and gums with a clean, damp cloth or a gauze pad.

How Do I Help My Children Care for Their Teeth and Prevent Cavities?

Teaching your child, good oral care at a young age is an investment in their health that will stay with them for life. You can start by setting an example, taking good care of your own teeth sends a message that oral health is very important and anything that makes taking care of teeth fun, like brushing along with your child or letting them choose their own toothbrush, encourages good oral care.

To help your children protect their teeth and gums and greatly reduce their risk of getting cavities, teach them to follow these simple steps:

  1. Brush twice a day with fluoride toothpaste to remove plaque-the sticky film on teeth that’s the main cause of tooth decay.
  2. Floss daily to remove plaque from between your teeth and under the gum line, before it can harden into tartar. Once tartar has formed, it can only be removed by a professional cleaning.
  3. Eat a well-balanced diet that limits starchy or sugary foods, which produce plaque acids that cause tooth decay. When you do eat these foods, try to eat them with your meal instead of as a snack-the extra saliva produced during a meal helps rinse food from the mouth.
  4. Use dental products that contain fluoride, including toothpaste.
  5. Take your child to the dentist for regular check-ups.

What Brushing Techniques Can I Show My Child?

You may want to supervise your children until they get the hang of these simple steps:

  1. Use a pea-sized amount of fluoride toothpaste. Take care that your child does not swallow the toothpaste(this is difficult with very young children—so we recommend using a children’s toothpaste which contains lower levels of fluoride).
  2. Using a soft-bristled toothbrush, brush the inside surface of each tooth first, where plaque may accumulate most. Brush gently back and forth.
  3. Clean the outer surfaces of each tooth. Angle the brush along the outer gum line. Gently brush back and forth.
  4. Brush the chewing surface of each tooth. Gently brush back and forth.
  5. Use the tip of the brush to clean behind each front tooth, both top and bottom.
  6. It’s always fun to brush the tongue!

What Is Fluoride and How Do I Know if My Child Is Getting the Right Amount?

Fluoride is one of the best ways to help prevent against tooth decay. A naturally occurring mineral, fluoride combines with the tooth’s enamel to strengthen it. For most children the proper use of fluoride toothpaste will be sufficient to help prevent decay. For children at high risk of dental decay and without access to fluoridated water, milk, or salt, your child’s dentist may suggest using fluoride drops or mouthrinse in addition to a fluoride toothpaste.

How Important Is Diet to My Child’s Oral Health?

A balanced diet is necessary for your child to develop strong, decay-resistant teeth. In addition to a full range of vitamins and minerals, a child’s diet should include plenty of calcium, phosphorous and proper levels of fluoride. If fluoride is your child’s greatest protection against tooth decay, then frequent snacking may be the biggest enemy. The sugars and starches found in many foods like biscuits, sweets, soft drinks and even some savoury snacks are food for bacteria in dental plaque and are converted to acids. These acids attack the tooth enamel and can lead to cavities.

Each “plaque attack” can last up to 20 minutes after a meal or snack has been finished. Even a little nibble can create plaque acids. So it’s best to limit snacking between meals.

What Should I Do if My Child Chips, Breaks or Knocks Out a Tooth?

With any injury to your child’s mouth, you should contact your dentist immediately. The dentist will want to examine the affected area and determine appropriate treatment.

If your child is in pain from a broken, cracked or chipped tooth, you should visit the dentist immediately. You may want to give an over-the-counter pain reliever to your child until his/her appointment. If possible, keep any part of the tooth that has broken off and take this with you to the dentist.

If a tooth is completely knocked out of the mouth by an injury, take the tooth to your dentist as soon as possible. Handle the tooth as little as possible-do not wipe or otherwise clean the tooth. Store the tooth in a cup of fresh milk until you get to a dentist. It may be possible for the tooth to be placed back into your child’s mouth, a procedure called re-implantation.

What Are Dental Sealants and How Do I Know if My Child Needs Them?

A dental sealant creates a highly effective barrier against decay. Sealants are thin plastic coatings applied to the chewing surfaces of a child’s permanent back teeth, where most cavities form. Applying a sealant is not painful and can be performed in one dental visit. Your dentist can tell you whether your child might benefit from a dental sealant.

I read with some dismay a headline in the papers this weekend, which highlighted the risks posed to dental health from too much fruit! It seems like your five-a-day isn’t all it’s cracked up to be, and that you can’t do right for doing wrong!

So, let me try and clear up a few things here ☺

Fresh fruit and vegetables are undoubtedly good for your general health, and I don’t believe that anybody would advocate cutting them out. Certain fruits, however are more damaging to your teeth than others, so be reasonable in the amount you consume, and avoid very acidic fruits and juices. The most acidic fruits are oranges – pineapples – sour apples – sour plums – lemons – grapefruits – sour peaches – limes – tangerines – sour grapes – tomatoes. Regular over-consumption of these can lead to acid damage of your teeth.


Cut down on acidic beverages. Reduce or eliminate your consumption of fizzy drinks and white wine. Also so-called “sports drinks” in particular contain large amounts of citric acid and sugar.

Avoid grazing through the day. If you enjoy nibbling on food all day long, you may be endangering your teeth.

Combine acidic foods and drinks with ones that can counteract the acidity. Nuts and dairy foods are considered helpful balancers to acidic foods. If you really must drink acidic fruit juices, consider rinsing thoroughly and gargling with a spoonful of baking soda (bicarbonate of soda) in water.

Use a straw. Reduce the contact of juice and soda drinks with your teeth by drinking through a straw. This is only a minor help, so don’t rely on it as a major solution! The best approach is to reduce your overall consumption of fruit juice and soda drinks.


“How can I stop snoring?”

Snoring can cause a number of problems as a result of poor sleep, as well as having a very damaging effect on relationships. There are many types of snoring which have different characteristics, if you have been told that you snore and you want to know how to address it try these simple tests to understand what may be causing your snoring;

NOSE. Can you breathe properly through your nose? Looking in a mirror, press the side of one nostril to close it. With your mouth closed, breathe in through your other nostril. If the nostril tends to collapse, try propping it open with the clean end of a matchstick. If breathing is easier with the nostril propped open, nasal dilators may solve your snoring problem. Test both nostrils.

If you cannot breathe at all through your nose, consider the following:

         Allergies can cause your nose to become blocked. If you notice an improvement from anti histamines, or if your mouth breathing is seasonal, then allergies are likely.

         Anatomical (the shape of your breathing passages). A deviated septum, polyps, large turbinates or infected sinuses can all prevent you from being able to breathe through your nose. Your doctor can arrange for tests (such as a CT scan) to determine if you have any of these.

If you can breathe properly through your nose, you may still be a mouth breather. Ask your partner if you sleep/snore with your mouth open, is the snore on the breath in or out? To try to test yourself, open your mouth and make a snoring noise. Now close your mouth and try to make the same noise. If you can only snore with your mouth open then you are probably a ‘mouth breather’. Try “Chin up strips” or a snore guard to keep your mouth closed while you sleep.

TONGUE. Stick your tongue out as far as it will go and grip it between your teeth. Now try to make a snoring noise. If the snoring noise is reduced with your tongue in this forward position then you are probably a ‘tongue based snorer’ and are most suitable for a Mandibular Advancement Splint (M.A.S.). This looks and feels a bit like a gumshield; it works by slightly bringing your lower jaw forward and opening up your airway. The M.A.S. solves or significantly reduces snoring in 85-90% of sufferers. These MAS devices are custom fitted to each individual mouth and can only be made by a dentist specially trained in the causes and prevention of snoring and sleep apnoea.

In rare cases, if none of the above treatments work, it may be necessary to consider CPAP. This stands for Continuous Positive Airway Pressure, and consists of a special breathing mask worn during the night which is attached to ventilator machine. This is normally prescribed after analysis of breathing and sleep patterns is conducted in a specialised sleep clinic.

If you would like any more information about snoring or sleep apnoea, or if you would like to arrange a no-obligation consultation with one of our specially trained dentists, please call 01 4542022 to arrange an appointment.

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If you have diabetes, make sure you take care of your mouth. People with diabetes are at a higher risk for mouth infections, especially periodontal (gum) disease. Periodontal disease can damage the gum and bone that hold your teeth in place and may lead to painful chewing problems. Some people with serious gum disease lose their teeth. Periodontal disease may also make it hard to control your blood glucose (blood sugar).

Other problems diabetes can cause are dry mouth and a fungal infection called thrush. Dry mouth happens when you do not have enough saliva—the fluid that keeps your mouth wet. Diabetes may also cause the glucose level in your saliva to increase. Together, these problems may lead to thrush, which causes painful white patches in your mouth.

You can keep your teeth and gums healthy by controlling your blood glucose, brushing and flossing every day, and visiting a dentist regularly. If your diabetes is not under control, you are more likely to develop oral health problems.

Take steps to keep your mouth healthy. Call your dentist when you notice a problem.

If you have diabetes, follow these steps:

  1. Control your blood glucose
  2. Brush and floss every day
  3. Visit your dentist regularly. Be sure to tell your dentist that you have diabetes
  4. Tell your dentist if your dentures (false teeth) do not fit right, or if your gums are sore
  5. Quit smoking. Smoking makes gum disease worse. Your physician or dentist can help you quit

Take time to check your mouth regularly for any problems. Sometimes people notice that their gums bleed when they brush and floss. Others notice dryness, soreness, white patches, or a bad taste in the mouth. All of these are reasons to visit your dentist.

Remember, good blood glucose control can help prevent oral health problems.

High blood glucose can cause teeth and gum problems.

How do I know if I have damage to my teeth and gums?

If you have one or more of these problems, you may have teeth and gum damage from diabetes:

  1. red, sore, swollen gums
  2. bleeding gums
  3. gums pulling away from your teeth so your teeth look long
  4. loose or sensitive teeth
  5. bad breath
  6. a bite that feels different
  7. dentures-false teeth-that do not fit well

How can I keep my teeth and gums healthy?

Keep your blood glucose as close to normal as possible

Use dental floss at least once a day. Flossing helps prevent the build-up of plaque on your teeth. Plaque can harden and grow under your gums and cause problems. Using a sawing motion, gently bring the floss between the teeth, scraping from bottom to top several times Brush your teeth after each meal and snack. Use a soft toothbrush. Turn the bristles against the gum line and brush gently. Use small, circular motions. Brush the front, back, and top of each tooth

What If I wear False teeth?

If you wear false teeth, keep them clean
Call your dentist right away if you have problems with your teeth and gums
Call your dentist if you have red, sore, or bleeding gums; gums that are pulling away from your teeth; a sore tooth that could be infected; or soreness from your dentures
Get your teeth cleaned and your gums checked by your dentist twice a year
If your dentist tells you about a problem, take care of it right away
Be sure your dentist knows that you have diabetes
If you smoke, talk with your doctor about ways to quit smoking